What causes acid reflux?

  1. Medications

Some of the things that can cause the pain associated with acid reflux include taking certain medications such as antacids. Antacids work to neutralize the acids that are in the stomach. If you experience heartburn often this may be one of the medications that you are taking and you should talk to your doctor about changing the medication or at least getting it lower in dosage. Eating foods that are high in fat can also cause heartburn, so you should choose your foods carefully. You should also try to avoid spicy foods as well as foods that contain onions, garlic, and Cayenne pepper.

  1. Weakened muscles of the esophagus

Heartburn can also occur because the muscle in your esophagus is weakened. Some people are just prone to experiencing this type of condition but others are not. Some doctors think that acid reflux disease can be caused by a weakening of the esophageal sphincter, which is the muscle that keeps the contents of your stomach in the tube that runs from your throat to your stomach. When the sphincter becomes less efficient, this means that stomach acid is able to travel back up into your esophagus instead of coming out the other end. Sometimes a weak or damaged sphincter can be caused by a variety of factors including infection, scarring, certain drugs, and the production of certain hormones.

  1. Hypersalivation

Acid reflux is also triggered by increased saliva output. This condition is also called hypersalivation. The solution to this problem is to drink plenty of water since it helps in the process of dissolving the excess saliva produced by the body. Two tablespoons of baking soda mixed with a half glass of water can help in neutralizing the effects of excessive salivation.

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